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Varicella-zoster virus meningitis coincident with bacteremia caused by liver abscess: a case report
Varicella-zoster virus meningitis coincident with bacteremia caused by liver abscess: a case report
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) meningitis is sometimes associated with herpes zoster, which is also associated with various ...
Amebic infections of the central nervous system
Amebic infections of the central nervous system
The report of death of a person from amebic meningoencephalitis, the proverbial “brain-eating ameba,” Naegleri...
A pilot study of cognition and creativity among persons with HIV disease referred for neuropsychological evaluation
A pilot study of cognition and creativity among persons with HIV disease referred for neuropsychological evaluation
Creativity can help people to innovate, overcome obstacles, and successfully navigate challenges in daily life. Some aspec...
HIV-1 Tat drives the Fabp4/NF-κB feedback loop in microglia to mediate inflammatory response and neuronal apoptosis
HIV-1 Tat drives the Fabp4/NF-κB feedback loop in microglia to mediate inflammatory response and neuronal apoptosis
Fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) are relevant to multiple neurodegenerative diseases. However, the roles and mechanisms...
Cognitive performance in a South African cohort of people with HIV and comorbid major depressive disorder
Cognitive performance in a South African cohort of people with HIV and comorbid major depressive disorder
Cognitive performance in people with HIV (PWH) may be affected by brain injury attributable to the infection itself, by ot...
Nef inhibits HIV transcription and gene expression in astrocytes and HIV transmission from astrocytes to CD4+ T cells
Nef inhibits HIV transcription and gene expression in astrocytes and HIV transmission from astrocytes to CD4+ T cells
HIV infects astrocytes in a restricted manner but leads to abundant expression of Nef, a major viral factor for HIV replic...
A case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy with hypogammaglobulinemia and a TCF3 mutation
A case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy with hypogammaglobulinemia and a TCF3 mutation
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare and potentially fatal demyelinating disease of the central nerv...
The synthetic opioid fentanyl increases HIV replication and chemokine co-receptor expression in vitro
The synthetic opioid fentanyl increases HIV replication and chemokine co-receptor expression in vitro
The US is experiencing a major public health crisis that is fueled by the illicit use of synthetic opioids including fenta...
Acute vestibular neuritis: A rare complication after the adenoviral vector-based COVID-19 vaccine
Acute vestibular neuritis: A rare complication after the adenoviral vector-based COVID-19 vaccine
Vestibular neuritis was first reported in 1952 by Dix and Hallpike, and 30% of patients reporting a flu-like symptom befor...
HIV-related drivers of sexual compulsivity and sexuality in sexual minority men who use methamphetamine
HIV-related drivers of sexual compulsivity and sexuality in sexual minority men who use methamphetamine
Although co-occurring methamphetamine (meth) use and HIV amplify the risk for neuropsychiatric comorbidities, the underlyi...
A fulminant case of Epstein-Barr Virus encephalitis with multiorgan dysfunction
A fulminant case of Epstein-Barr Virus encephalitis with multiorgan dysfunction
Epstein-Barr Virus also known as Human herpesvirus 4 usually causes infectious mononucleosis which is a benign disease wit...
Altered white matter microstructure and neurocognitive function of HIV-infected patients with low nadir CD4
Altered white matter microstructure and neurocognitive function of HIV-infected patients with low nadir CD4
Altered white matter microstructure has been reported repeatedly using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in HIV-associated ne...
Difference in the neurocognitive functions of WLWH and MLWH in an Italian cohort of people living with HIV
Difference in the neurocognitive functions of WLWH and MLWH in an Italian cohort of people living with HIV
Based on the available literature, women living with HIV (WLWH) seem to show greater cognitive and emotional disadvantages...
Accelerated epigenetic aging in adolescents living with HIV is associated with altered development of brain structures
Accelerated epigenetic aging in adolescents living with HIV is associated with altered development of brain structures
We recently demonstrated that adolescents perinatally infected with HIV-1 (PHIV+) have accelerated aging as measured by a ...
Higher cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of neuronal injury in HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment
Higher cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of neuronal injury in HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment
We evaluated whether biomarkers of age-related neuronal injury and amyloid metabolism are associated with neurocognitive i...
Dengue fever presenting as acute cerebellar ataxia: Case report and literature review
Dengue fever presenting as acute cerebellar ataxia: Case report and literature review
Dengue fever has been associated with several neurological complications, cerebellar involvement being among the rarest of...
Cognitive dysfunction following COVID-19 infection
Cognitive dysfunction following COVID-19 infection
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is still evolving, causing hundreds of millions of infections around the world. The lo...
Atypical anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis associated with varicella zoster virus infection
Atypical anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis associated with varicella zoster virus infection
The triggering effect of herpes simplex virus infection on the development of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) e...
T-lymphocyte activation markers in patients with HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorder
T-lymphocyte activation markers in patients with HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorder
Despite immune-reconstitution, after TARc HIV-positive patients, neurocognitive disorders related to HIV-1 (HAND) have bee...
Herpes zoster preceding neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: casual or causal relationship? A systematic literature review
Herpes zoster preceding neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: casual or causal relationship? A systematic literature review
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a severe, inflammatory, immune-mediated astrocytopathy of the central ne...
HIV-1 subtype C Tat exon-1 amino acid residue 24K is a signature for neurocognitive impairment
HIV-1 subtype C Tat exon-1 amino acid residue 24K is a signature for neurocognitive impairment
Variation and differential selection pressures on Tat genes have been shown to alter the biological function of the protei...
SARS-CoV-2-associated haemorrhagic encephalitis mimicking Herpes encephalitis
SARS-CoV-2-associated haemorrhagic encephalitis mimicking Herpes encephalitis
Although acute encephalopathy is quite commonly seen in patients of SARS-CoV-2 infection, encephalitis characterised by br...
Post-COVID-19 olfactory dysfunction: carbamazepine as a treatment option in a series of cases
Post-COVID-19 olfactory dysfunction: carbamazepine as a treatment option in a series of cases
Olfactory dysfunction is reported frequently in patients with coronavirus disease 2019. However, an effective treatment fo...
Limited evidence for a moderating effect of HIV status on brain age in heavy episodic drinkers
Limited evidence for a moderating effect of HIV status on brain age in heavy episodic drinkers
We set out to test the hypothesis that greater brain ageing will be observed in people with HIV (PWH) and those who engage...