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Safe transfusion: everyone's responsibility
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Therapeutic problems associated with organ transplantation: liver, kidney and heart
Therapeutic problems associated with organ transplantation: liver, kidney and heart
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Cardiopulmonary transplantation
Cardiopulmonary transplantation
Cardiopulmonary transplantation is an effective and evolving treatment for advanced cardiac, pulmonary and pulmonary vascu...
Ethical issues in organ donation
Ethical issues in organ donation
Organ donation is lifesaving. The benefits of solid organ transplantation are indisputable, and for kidney transplantation...
Brainstem death
Brainstem death
Cookies are used by this site. Cookie SettingsAll content on this site: Copyright © 2024 Elsevier B.V., its licensors, an...
Immune response to infection
Immune response to infection
For an individual to respond appropriately and protectively to harmful stimuli they need to be able to initiate adequate i...
Resource allocation in intensive care
Resource allocation in intensive care
Since its inception during the 1950s polio epidemic in Copenhagen, the specialty of intensive care has reckoned with the e...
Acute kidney injury in critical care
Acute kidney injury in critical care
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of acute illness and can affect between 30% and 60% of critically ill p...
Fluid and electrolyte imbalance in renal dysfunction
Fluid and electrolyte imbalance in renal dysfunction
Kidneys have a major role in maintaining homeostasis of body fluids, electrolytes concentrations, acid–base balance, and o...
Gut motility and its control
Gut motility and its control
In order for the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to carry out its function of digesting and absorbing nutrients, it uses a car...
Drugs affecting the heart: anti-hypertensives
Drugs affecting the heart: anti-hypertensives
Hypertension is a significant public health challenge with more than 50% of the UK population over 60 years of age sufferi...
Cardiac arrhythmias in the critically ill adult: an update
Cardiac arrhythmias in the critically ill adult: an update
Cookies are used by this site. Cookie SettingsAll content on this site: Copyright © 2024 Elsevier B.V., its licensors, an...
Postoperative care of the adult cardiac patient
Postoperative care of the adult cardiac patient
Postoperative care of the cardiac surgical patient requires a multidisciplinary approach. A brief period of sedation and v...
Adult congenital heart disease
Adult congenital heart disease
Continued advances in the understanding and management of congenital heart disease (CHD) mean that over 90% of children bo...
Cardiopulmonary transplantation: an anaesthesia review
Cardiopulmonary transplantation: an anaesthesia review
Heart failure is a major public health burden with an estimated global prevalence of over 26 million, leading to major eco...
The mouth, stomach and intestines
The mouth, stomach and intestines
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a series of continuous, specialized tubular organs that begin at the mouth and extend t...
Anaesthesia for patients with cardiac disease undergoing non-cardiac surgery
Anaesthesia for patients with cardiac disease undergoing non-cardiac surgery
Cardiovascular comorbidities are amongst the most important modifiable risk factors in patients undergoing non-cardiac sur...
Anaesthesia for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting
Anaesthesia for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting
In 1946, Canadian Surgeon Arthur M. Vineburg successfully increased myocardial blood supply by grafting an autologous inte...
Digestion and absorption
Digestion and absorption
Digestion is the breakdown of food into particles small enough to cross the cellular barrier of the gastrointestinal (GI) ...
Anaesthetic management of thoracic aortic endovascular and hybrid procedures: a comprehensive review
Anaesthetic management of thoracic aortic endovascular and hybrid procedures: a comprehensive review
Aortic pathologies, including dissection and aneurysm, present formidable challenges in cardiovascular medicine. The incid...
Origin and regulation of the normal heartbeat
Origin and regulation of the normal heartbeat
The normal heartbeat starts with depolarization of the sino-atrial node to propagate and depolarize, in turn, the atria, a...
Fundamentals of the electrocardiogram and common cardiac arrhythmias
Fundamentals of the electrocardiogram and common cardiac arrhythmias
The electrocardiogram (ECG) has remained a fundamental diagnostic tool in clinical practice for more than a century. It wa...
The principles of cardiac anaesthesia
The principles of cardiac anaesthesia
Mortality from cardiac surgery in the UK has improved dramatically over the past decade, falling from 3.61% in 2006 to 2.5...
Transoesophageal echocardiography in cardiac anaesthesia
Transoesophageal echocardiography in cardiac anaesthesia
The use of transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) has increased in the last 20 years1 and is now a standard peri-operativ...
Anaesthesia in the cardiac catheterization laboratory
Anaesthesia in the cardiac catheterization laboratory
The anaesthetic requirements in a cardiac catheterization laboratory (cath lab) include all those of non-operating room an...
Preoperative assessment and optimization of patients undergoing cardiac surgery
Preoperative assessment and optimization of patients undergoing cardiac surgery
Patients undergoing cardiac surgery pose numerous perioperative challenges. They tend to be older with compromised cardiov...
Tests of pulmonary function before thoracic surgery
Tests of pulmonary function before thoracic surgery
Respiratory function declines following surgery due to atelectasis. After thoracic surgery, there is an even greater decli...
Respiration: control of ventilation
Respiration: control of ventilation
Ventilation of the lungs is tightly regulated to maintain a PaCO2 that supports optimal acid–base status and an adequate P...
Measurement of gas concentrations
Measurement of gas concentrations
The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (AAGBI) recommends respiratory gas analysis as one of the mi...
Basic principles of lasers
Basic principles of lasers
If you hit a suitable substance with photons, spontaneous emission, as above, will occur. The photons produced by this pro...